Enterogastric Reflux: An Uncommon Diagnosis Analyzed by Hepatobiliary Imaging

  • Peter Wang
Keywords: Enterogastric reflux, Duodenogastric reflux, Hepatobiliary scintigraphy, Nuclear medicine, Radiology


Enterogastric reflux (EGR) is the reflux of bile and digestive enzymes from the small bowel into the stomach. While it is a normal physiologic process in small amounts, excessive reflux and chronic EGR can cause upper GI symptoms often mimicking more common diseases such as gallbladder disease and GERD that often leads to its underdiagnosis. Identifying EGR is significant as it has been associated with the development of gastroesophogeal pathology including gastritis, esophagitis, ulcers, and mucosal metaplasia. This article presents a 22-year-old male with enterogastric reflux causing upper abdominal pain and will discuss the role of hepatobiliary scintigraphy in its diagnosis.